+45 32 57 33 16

We are here for you!

Our opening times:
Mon and Thu: 08:00 - 18:00
Tue, Wed and Fri: 08:00 - 16:00
Sat, Sun and holiday: 08:30 - 15:00

No waiting times on consultations and treatment

Schedule an appointment:

Fill out the contact form

+45 32 57 33 16

info[at]storkklinik.dk

Here you can fill out our electronic journal!

We look forward to hearing from you!

 

IVF (In vitro fertilisation)

IVF is an assisted fertilisation method. With this method the egg and the sperm cells are not fused within the woman’s body but in a test tube in the laboratory. This is why this method is also called “in vitro”, which literally means “in glass”.

When is IVF appropriate?

IVF is an option:

  • If the woman’s fallopian tubes are blocked or absent (tubal factor infertility)
  • When sperm quality is reduced
  • With growth of the lining of the womb (the endometrium) outside the womb (endometriosis), or
  • When no cause of infertility is found on investigation (idiopathic infertility)
  • When the woman is older, as the chance of becoming pregnant with IVF is higher.

What happens during in vitro fertilisation?

1. Hormone stimulation

The chance of a successful result with IVF is significantly increased if several eggs can be ripened at the same time (usually done with hormone stimulation). If this is no longer possible or desirable (advance age, limited egg reserves, sensitivity to hormones) IVF cycles can also be performed with one or a few eggs (“mild stimulation IVF”).

2. Retrieving and preparing the eggs

When the eggs are ripe, the doctor removes them under ultrasound guidance through a fine needle that is advanced into the ovary. During the egg retrieval process, fluid is aspirated from the follicles. This procedure usually only takes a few minutes. The woman can have a painkiller and a mild sedative prior to the procedure. The eggs that are retrieved are then prepared for fertilisation in the laboratory.

3. Sperm

The sperm cells from the sperm sample are washed in the laboratory. During this procedure, the motile sperm cells are separated from the non-motile and dead cells. If sperm cells are not found in the ejaculate, material obtained during testicular sperm extraction (TESE) can be used. If the partner has no sperm cells that can be fertilised, cryopreserved sperm from a sperm bank (donor sperm) can be used.

4. Fusion of the egg and sperm cells in the test tube

The washed sperm cells and the woman’s egg are fused in a test tube. They are cultured in a special nutrient solution. The sperm cells should fertilise the eggs independently and without further help. The day after egg retrieval, a check is done to see that the eggs were fertilised. The fertilised eggs develop into embryos that are stored in an incubator for up to five days.

5. Embryo transfer

When the embryos are ready, the doctor transfers these into the womb as agreed with the patient and in accordance with the provisions of the law. A soft plastic catheter is used for this. Embryo transfer is painless and only takes a few minutes. The embryos can now implant in the endometrium and continue to develop.

A pregnancy test is done two weeks after embryo transfer to see if the procedure has been successful.

How likely is a successful result with IVF?

The chances of becoming pregnant through IVF primarily depend on the age of the woman. The pregnancy rate is about 40% per embryo transfer in women aged 30, while it is about 30% in women aged 40. Thus on average, about every third procedure results in a pregnancy.

If the fertilised eggs cannot be transferred, they can be frozen (cryopreserved) for use at a later date. This means that the woman avoids hormone stimulation and egg retrieval at her next attempt.

Does IVF involve risks and side effects?

 

As with any medical procedure, there are also certain risks associated with IVF. All complications are rare, but in individual cases may be very serious. Side effects occur sometimes during hormone stimulation, e.g. ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome as previously mentioned. This can cause abdominal pain, nausea and shortness of breath. There is a risk of infection, and there is a slightly increased risk of pregnancy outside the womb (an ectopic pregnancy). During egg retrieval there could also be inadvertent damage to the surrounding organs. The doctor providing treatment will give you detailed information about the chances and risks of the treatment, the treatment itself and the risk of a multiple pregnancy.

Further topics you might be interested in

We are here for you!

Please feel free to contact us!

Our opening times:

Mon and Thu: 08:00 - 18:00
Tue, Wed and Fri: 08:00 - 16:00
Sat, Sun and holiday: 08:30 - 15:00

Schedule an appointment:

Fill out the contact form

✉ info[at]storkklinik.dk
+45 32 57 33 16

We look forward to hearing from you!