What are the risks of egg donation?
Risks to the recipient
If more than one fertilised egg is transferred, there is the risk of a multiple pregnancy. Multiple pregnancy involves more risk.
Pregnancy involves a greater risk if the egg recipient is over 40 than if the woman is younger.
The doctor will explain all risks before treatment is started.
Risks to the donor
Complications are rare, but the donor should naturally always have been thoroughly informed of these before agreeing to be an egg donor. Best practice entails avoiding complications by using the most careful protocols possible for stimulation.
Hormone stimulation can cause some side effects, e.g. the development of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). The woman could develop severe abdominal pain, nausea and shortness of breath. If a woman develops such symptoms, she made need to be hospitalised.
With egg retrieval there could be bleeding, bloating, slow wound healing, infection or bleeding afterwards. During egg retrieval there could also be damage to the surrounding organs.
Did you know that …
… the risk of chromosomal disorders can be significantly reduced with egg donation. With her own eggs, a woman aged 40 has approximately a 1:100 risk of having a baby with trisomy 21 (Down syndrome). With egg donation with an egg from a 25-year-old woman, the risk of having a baby with trisomy 21 is reduced to the risk that a 25-year-old woman has (1:1,350).